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Urban transformation optimization model: How to evaluate industrial structure under water resource constraints?
Zhang, Zhuoying1,2; Zhang, Xiaoling3; Shi, Minjun4
2018-09-10
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume195Pages:1497-1504
AbstractMany major cities today are beginning to experience increasing water shortages. A major use of water is often in industrial production, and therefore its reduction should go a long way to correcting the situation. The composition of the whole local or regional industrial structure has a significant influence on this, with its combination of sectors of different resource-intensities varying in their scale of use. However, the form of industrial structure also has an influence on other aspects of city life particularly its economic performance. Evaluating industrial structure, therefore, involves an optimization problem of, on the one hand, determining the appropriate proportions of various types of sectors that will best satisfy the objective of minimizing water consumption in the face of a range of economic and other constraints. Alternatively, it can be seen as an optimization problem with the objective of maximizing economic benefit under a range of water use and other constraints. In developing the optimization model, we first break down industrial water use into two objectives (1) minimizing total consumption and (2) minimizing intensity (per unit) of consumption. Adding the economic objective of maximizing Gross Domestic Product (GDP), all three are then optimized retrospectively by a series of input-output analyses to evaluate the suitability of the industrial structure. The application of the model is demonstrated in a case study of Beijing that indicates that, while its industrial structures in 1992 and 2002 were far from optimal, the actual 2012 industrial structure was quite close to that determined by the model and augurs well for the city's future sustainable development. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordUrban transformation Sustainable development Industrial structure Water resources Input-output optimization Beijing
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.291
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71303232] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[71173212] ; Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China[15ZDC006]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000440390900126
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.amss.ac.cn/handle/2S8OKBNM/30828
Collection系统科学研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Acad Math & Syst Sci, 55 Zhongguancun East Rd, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Management Decis & Informat Syst, 55 Zhongguancun East Rd, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.City Univ Hong Kong, Dept Publ Policy, Kowloon, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
4.Renmin Univ China, Sch Econ, 59 Zhongguancun St, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Zhuoying,Zhang, Xiaoling,Shi, Minjun. Urban transformation optimization model: How to evaluate industrial structure under water resource constraints?[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2018,195:1497-1504.
APA Zhang, Zhuoying,Zhang, Xiaoling,&Shi, Minjun.(2018).Urban transformation optimization model: How to evaluate industrial structure under water resource constraints?.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,195,1497-1504.
MLA Zhang, Zhuoying,et al."Urban transformation optimization model: How to evaluate industrial structure under water resource constraints?".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 195(2018):1497-1504.
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