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Optional contributions have positive effects for volunteering public goods games
Song, Qi-Qing2; Li, Zhen-Peng3,4; Fu, Chang-He5,6; Wang, Lai-Sheng1
2011-11-01
Source PublicationPHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS
ISSN0378-4371
Volume390Issue:23-24Pages:4236-4243
AbstractPublic goods (PG) games with the volunteering mechanism are referred to as volunteering public goods (VPG) games, in which loners are introduced to the PG games, and a loner obtains a constant payoff but not participating the game. Considering that small contributions may have positive effects to encourage more players with bounded rationality to contribute, this paper introduces optional contributions (high value or low value) to these typical VPG games a cooperator can contribute a high or low payoff to the public pools. With the low contribution, the logit dynamics show that cooperation can be promoted in a well mixed population comparing to the typical VPG games, furthermore, as the multiplication factor is greater than a threshold, the average payoff of the population is also enhanced. In spatial VPG games, we introduce a new adjusting mechanism that is an approximation to best response. Some results in agreement with the prediction of the logit dynamics are found. These simulation results reveal that for VPG games the option of low contributions may be a better method to stimulate the growth of cooperation frequency and the average payoff of the population. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordPublic goods games Optional contributions Cooperation
DOI10.1016/j.physa.2011.07.025
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[10771213] ; Chinese Universities Scientific Fund[2009TD05] ; Education Department of Guangxi, China[2007021.X215]
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000295602300020
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.amss.ac.cn/handle/2S8OKBNM/12823
Collection中国科学院数学与系统科学研究院
Affiliation1.China Agr Univ, Dept Appl Math, Coll Sci, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Guilin Univ Technol, Coll Sci, Guilin 541004, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Acad Math & Syst Sci, Inst Syst Sci, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
4.Shenyang Normal Univ, Shenyang 110034, Peoples R China
5.Methodist Hosp, Weill Cornell Med Coll, Methodist Hosp Res Inst, Ctr Biotechnol & Informat, Houston, TX 77030 USA
6.Methodist Hosp, Weill Cornell Med Coll, Dept Radiol, Houston, TX 77030 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Song, Qi-Qing,Li, Zhen-Peng,Fu, Chang-He,et al. Optional contributions have positive effects for volunteering public goods games[J]. PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS,2011,390(23-24):4236-4243.
APA Song, Qi-Qing,Li, Zhen-Peng,Fu, Chang-He,&Wang, Lai-Sheng.(2011).Optional contributions have positive effects for volunteering public goods games.PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS,390(23-24),4236-4243.
MLA Song, Qi-Qing,et al."Optional contributions have positive effects for volunteering public goods games".PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS 390.23-24(2011):4236-4243.
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